APEAL’s latest LCI study measured several standard impact categories. These indicators demonstrate how the European steel for packaging industry has continued its trend towards more energy- and resource-efficient production.
CO2 emissions (GWP) of tinplate production
Primary energy demand
Evolution of recycling rate
Over the last 20 years, the average recycling rate in Europe has steadily increased,
from 25% in 1991 to 75% (2013).
Evolution of CO2 emissions
In that same time, production emissions have steadily decreased,
falling from 83% to 47% (2013).